Opportunities in High-Yield Credit

Author: Michael Lewitt, Post Date: June 4, 2012

In a world of zero interest rates and macroeconomic worries, there are a limited number of investment alternatives that can provide reasonable returns and allow investors to sleep at night.  Stocks appear to be reasonably valued but are currently being held hostage by concerns about Europe and weakening US economic numbers.  Government bonds have rallied to the point where they are paying negative real yields.  What is an investor to do?

Despite well-rehearsed macroeconomic concerns, the US corporate sector remains healthy.  While US corporations are likely to experience some ill effects from a slowing global economy, companies are well-positioned to weather a slowdown.  Since the 2008 financial crisis, US corporations have repaired their balance sheets; they have reduced debt, extended debt maturities, increased working capital, and built up healthy cash balances.  As a result, corporate credit quality in the United States remains robust.

Moody’s Investors Service is currently forecasting that the corporate default rate over the next 12 months will be less than 3%, which is significantly below the historical average of 4.6%.  Due to macroeconomic concerns, however, the high-yield bond and loan markets are trading as though the default rate will be between 5 and 6%.  This disparity creates an opportunity for investors looking for attractive risk-adjusted returns. Many borrowers whose 5-7 year bonds offer yields between 7-10% are highly unlikely to default.  Here is a small sample of some of these bonds:





Sprint 6.9% due 5/1/19 (B3/B+)




First Data Corp 10.55% due 9/24/15 (Caa1/B-)




NRG Energy 8.25% due 9/1/20 (B1/BB-)




*extra yield over 5-year Treasuries expressed in basis points (1/100 of 1%)

Bonds and loans are contractual obligations by a borrower to repay the lender at a date certain.  These contracts restrict the company’s ability to incur additional leverage, pay dividends, or engage in other activities that diminish the company’s ability to meet its repayment obligation.  Loans rank at the top of a borrower’s capital structure and have a senior claim on the borrower’s assets; and they also pay floating interest rates, which eliminates interest-rate risk.  Bonds rank below a borrower’s loans but above its stock, and high-yield bonds are hybrid debt-equity instruments that pay high coupons.

Cumberland’s Core High-Yield and Opportunistic Credit Strategies invest in high-yield bonds and loans, as well as on a limited basis in some mortgage REITs, bank preferred stocks, and other instruments that produce yield income based on corporate credit.  We expect companies that are capable of meeting their obligations to produce attractive real returns regardless of market volatility.


Michael Lewitt, Vice President and Portfolio Manager

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