The first quarter of 2018 provided some long overdue volatility to equity markets while Treasury yields rose across the board. The long end of the yield curve underperformed during the month of January. Roughly 75% of the 35-basis-point move upward in the 30yr Treasury yield took place in the first month of the quarter, while the short end lagged the upward movement in yield. After experiencing steepening in January, the Treasury market reverted to a flattening trend as T-Bills and short-term Treasuries experienced the majority of their movement upward during the months of February and March, providing outperformance for the long end of the yield curve in those months.
This outperformance on the long end of the yield curve over the last two months demonstrates why we favor a “barbell” approach and maintain an allocation to longer-dated securities. While the weighting is small at this time, we are currently targeting new-issue longer taxable and tax-free municipals that have either an attractive spread over Treasuries (taxable) or an attractive muni/Treasury ratio in the 125–140% range (tax-free munis). New issues tend to offer a concession to the secondary market to ensure deals get done and provide a cushion against the increase in rates we have been experiencing. The chart below shows why we think the inclusion of tax-free municipals is beneficial to taxable portfolios in light of our expectation that the muni/Treasury ratio will correct itself as we move forward with the Fed hiking cycle.
The Fed held its FOMC meeting on March 21st and delivered a widely anticipated quarter-point rate hike, lifting the fed funds target rate to 1.50–1.75%. The statement accompanying the meeting stated that job gains have been “strong” while economic activity has experienced “moderate” growth. The statement also discussed inflation remaining low, but the expectation is that it will move up and should stabilize around 2% over the medium term. The median forecast from the Fed’s “dot plot” currently predicts two more rate hikes this year, which is unchanged from the December outlook and in line with our projections.
As we move into the second quarter of 2018, Cumberland’s projection that the Fed will raise rates two or three times in 2018 remains unchanged. The FOMC will continue to take a judicious approach with regard to raising short-term interest rates and will focus on economic data and overall market conditions to determine whether to continue increasing rates. Our goal is to remain defensive in our approach to investing as we navigate a rising-interest-rate environment. We will continue making our investment decisions conservatively while extending durations and picking up additional yield as opportunities in the market develop.
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